Prof. Byoung-Kyong Min's new research, Individual Identification using Cognitive Electroencephalographic Neurodynamics was accepted in IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security.
Title: Individual Identification using Cognitive Electroencephalographic Neurodynamics
As the brain is a unique biological system that reflects the subtle distinctions in the mental attributes of individual humans, electroencephalographic (EEG) signals have been regarded as one of the most promising and potent biometric signals for discriminating between individuals. However, existing EEG-based user-recognition methods present only a limited range of individual distinctions. In the present study, we propose a novel system of decoding cognitive EEG signals for individual identification with high accuracy. Specifically, we investigate the feasibility of our system, which can recognize an individual based on the discriminative patterns of source-level causal connectivity among brain regions, estimated from scalp-level EEG signals. The EEG signals were produced by a steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-inducing grid-shaped top-down paradigm. This system can, in principle, use top-down cognitive features analyzed by individuals’ differently characterized neurodynamic causal connectivities. In this study, we achieved a maximal accuracy of 98.60% on average in 20 subjects, for whom we estimated causal connectivity in 16 brain regions using 5-second intervals of EEG signals. Our system shows promising initial results toward building a practical identification technology able to recognize individuals by means of brain neurodynamics.